Wildlife Sanctuaries in Telangana
Forest area of Telangana state comprises of approximately more than 25% of the state area. The Deccan Plateau where Telangana is located consists of open and thorny forests and also grasslands called 'Kanchas
'. This is the reason why many animals and even endangered ones like Blackbuck and Chinkara etc. are found here. The National Policy for Wild Life Conservation, 1972
has encouraged the development of a number of sanctuaries, National Parks and Reserves in India.
Fascinating Facts about Wildlife in Telangana
Do you know that a rare egg-eating snake was spotted in Hyderabad? This snake was thought to be extinct in 1969 (as listed in IUCN Red List Data). It was later rediscovered in Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand) in 2003. This specimen of snake found in Telangana is protected (along with Pythons) under Schedule I of Wildlife protection Act, 1972.
Another interesting fact is about a spider which has taken Telangana's name! The spider named Thomisus telanganens is which resembles a crab, is also
called 'crab spider'. Telangana crab spider, as it is now called, has
been found in Nagnur in Telangana. These spiders do not weave webs! They
attack their prey and immobilize them.
Crab spiders are useful as they control insect population. They are found in plants, grass, leaf and under stones and their size varies from 3 mm to 23 mm. Their colour is bright or sometimes dull also. They are also known as flower spiders as they wait for their prey by lying on flowering plants. They also walk sideways like crabs do. Interesting, isn't it!
Wildlife Sanctuaries in Telangana
Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary
Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary
is located in Eturnagaram village in Warangal district in Telangana and is about 250 kms. from Hyderabad. y the government on 30 January, 1952. It was notified as a sanctuary It is situated on Maharashtra, Chhatisgarh and Telangana border and is one of the oldest sanctuaries in this state.
There are hills, springs, streams in the sanctuary and Godavari river passes through the sanctuary. Biennial festival 'Sammakka Saralamma Jatara is also held in Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary. 'Dayyam Vagu' --- a perennial water source divides the sanctuary into two halves.
- Distance from Warangal: 55 kms.
- Best time to visit: October to May
Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
This sanctuary is located in Medak district of Telangana state. It was
actually just a crocodile sanctuary. However, gradually it developed to a
sanctuary which serves as home for more than 70 species of birds, fresh
water turtles and mugger crocodile. There is also a reservoir located
in the sanctuary which provides drinking water to the cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.
are nine small islands which are nesting sites for birds just like the
thick forest area inside the sanctuary. The islands are named as
Puttigadda, Bapangadda, Sangamadda, Karnamgadda etc. It is a treat to
see agricultural fields and various plant species all around the
reservoir inside the sanctuary. Indian hare, mongoose, bear, jackal,
common teal, cotton pygmy goose are found here. Birds seen here include
egret, spoonbill, pintail, partridge, peacock, quail etc.
There are more than 300 crocodiles in this sanctuary today. There is also an Environmental Education Centre that comprises a library, museum and auditorium.
- Distance from Hyderabad: 50 kms.
- Best season to visit: November to March
Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary
The Pranahita (Blackbuck) Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Adilabad district. Pranahita river is a tributary of river Godavari and abuts this sanctuary on its East. You will be able to see Black buck, Chinkara, wolf etc. here. Teak, bamboo, Terminalias etc. trees add to the beauty of the sanctuary.
The sanctuary has been notified as Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ)
. In such places, area ranging from 0.1 kms to 5 kms., mining, crushing units, hydroelectricity projects, stone quarrying or any other polluting industry is prohibited. New construction of resorts and hotels is also not allowed within the boundary of the sanctuary. Established in 1980, the sanctuary is an ideal blackbuck habitat
- Best Time to Visit: November to April
- Divisional Forest Officer, Mancherial, Adilabad district Phone: 08736-252093
- Forest Range Officer Phone: 08736-254752
Shamirpet Deer ParkShamirpet Deer Park
is located in Rangareddy district in the Bolaram Cantonment area of Hyderabad. It is situated 24 kms. from Hyderabad. Very rare species of deer are also found in this sanctuary. These include Black buck and Chital deer. Shamirpet lake is close by and the entire place looks calm and green due to presence of green trees, vegetation and wild flora. People visit here and enjoy picnics with family and friends.
Ali Sagar Deer Park
This is located in Nizamabad district and is known for its beautiful gardens. The lake inside the park adds to the scenic beauty along with a hilltop guest house and a secluded island too. Trekking and water sports can be enjoyed by visitors here.
Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary
The Pocharam Wildlife sanctuary
is located 15 kms from Medak. The sanctuary is spread across large area and looks beautiful with lot of greenery all over. Forest of the sanctuary is home for birds such as Brahminy bucks, bar-headed goose, open billed storks etc. Animals found here include antelopes, sambhar, nilgai, chital, wild cat, jackal, leopards, wolves, wold dogs and Chinkara etc. Films of birds and animals are displayed everyday on 16 mm projector.
- Distance from Hyderabad: 115 kms
- Best Time to Visit: October to May
Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve
is located in the districts of Nalgonda and Mahbubnagar. There are valleys and hills with river Krishna flowing through the tiger reserve. Well, the sight of tigers in the Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve will indeed be a thrilling experience!
Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary
Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary is located about 21 kms. from Paloncha town in Khammam district. The sanctuary is a natural habitat for many animals including some really endangered species. You will be able to see animals like black buck, sloth bear, wild boar, hyena, sambar, chinkara, gaurs, jackals, cheetals etc. Among the birds, you can see quails, peafowl, spoonbills, teals, doves, jungle fowl etc. River Kinnerasani flows through the sanctuary after which it flows further to join river Godavari.
- Distance from Kothagudem: 24 kms.
- Distance from Palvancha town: 12 kms.
Ujwala Deer Park
This sanctuary was established in 2001 and is located near Karimnagar town in the vicinity of Lower Manair dam. The Ujwala Deer Park is also known as Rajiv Gandhi Deer Park.
Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary
Another wildlife sanctuary in Karimnagar district is Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary . It is located along river Godavari and is especially famous for housing marsh crocodiles also known as 'Magar Crocodiles'. These crocodiles serve as the main tourist attraction of the sanctuary. Other animals found here include panther, rhesus monkey, nilgai, sloth bear, langur etc.
KBR National Park
KBR or Kasu Bramhananda reddy national Park is located in the heart of Hyderabad city in the Jubilee Hills area. It was established in 1996 and is home to large number and species of flora and fauna. People also come to this park for jogging and regular walks. The Palace of former Nizam of Hyderabad also stands in the park. There are colourful butterflies, many species of mammals and other animals in this park.
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
This National Park is named after Lord Mahaveera and is located in Vanasthalipuram area of Hyderabad. there are Deccan rock formations in the park and you will love to see animals such as foxes, hare, wild boars, Indian vipers, blackbuck or Krishna Jinka (as it is called in Telugu language), porcupines, monitor lizards, snakes etc. in the park. You can see these animals from viewing towers or can enjoy a ride in van, that is, take a safari for watching these animals.
Mrugavani National Park
This National Park is located in Chilkuru in Moinabad, 25 kms. from Hyderabad. The park serves as a home for many plants and animals. There are rocky formations in the park with animals like foxes, wild boars, vipers, black-napped hare etc. for you to see.
Nehru Zoological Park
Nehru Zoological Park is located in Bahadurpura near Acherya N G Ranga Agricultural University in Rajendranagar. The zoo is very well maintained and comprises of 1500 species of birds, animals and reptiles. You will love to see chimpanzee, rhino, White peacock, African elephants etc.
Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary
Kawal wildlife sanctuary in Adilabad district houses a variety of flora and fauna. It is situated 50 kms. from Mancherial and 250 kms. from Capital city Hyderabad. There are teak, bamboo and many wide variety of trees in the sanctuary. Animals like cheetal, crocodile, monitor lizard, star tortoise, cobra etc. can be seen here. You can enjoy jeep safaris and bird watching trips here.
Pakhal Wildlife SanctuaryPakhal wildlife sanctuary
is spread over a large area and is surrounded by hills all around. The man-made Pakhal lake of the Kakitya period adds to the beauty of this place. Sambar, sloth bear, leopards, mountain gazelle, wild boar, chital, black buck, four horned antelopes etc. are found in this sanctuary.